HINDU MYTHOLOGY

“YADAVS” are the descendents of the Royal born Khatriya clan of “YADU”. We came to know the name of King Yadu, first in The Rigveda. The name of five Kings YADU, TURVASU, DRUHYU, ANU & PURU are clearly mentioned in the battle of the ten Kings Chapter.. All these are mentioned in the The Rigveda 1st Mondal (Part) 47th Sutra (Chapter) 6th Stanza, 3rd Mondal (Part) 33rd Sutra (Chapter) 1st Stanza, 7th Mondal (Part) 18th Sutra (Chapter) 23rd Stanza, 33rd Sutra (Chapter) 3rd Stanza & 83rd Sutra (Chapter) 7th Stanza.

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According to Puranas Ila, the daughter of Manu, had a son, called Pururavas Aila, who got the kingdom of Pratishthana (Allahabad). This kingdom rapidly developed & the members of this family carved out independent principalities at Kanyakubja (or Kanauj) and Banaras. “Yayati” the son of Nahusha was a renowned conqueror. He extended his kingdom far and wide and was reckoned a Samraj (Emperor). He divided his emperor among his five sons “YADU” “Turvasu, “Druhyu”, “Anu” & “Puru”, each of them became the founder of a long reign of kings. Puru the youngest son got the ancestral property and “Yadu” realm lay in the country, watered by the rivers Chamabal, Betwa and Ken.

Ancestor’s of King YADU

“The evidence derived from the Vedic literature are very strong & carry authority. The Puranas profess to give us the ancient history of India. In so they begin from the earliest Rigvedic period describing genealogies of Kings who established kingdom & principalities and thus parceled out & ruled ancient India. Occasionally, the feats and achievements of Kings & Rishis are related, battles maintained and described, noticeable incidents & happenings records and very valuable synchronisms noted down.” — Historian Dr. S. N. Pradan (See page 12, Ancient India – V. D. Mahajon.)

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YADU BANSHA

Yadu Bansha is mentioned in “The Rigveda” 1st Mondal (Part), 36th Sutra (Chapter), 18th Stanza, 7th Mondal (Part), 19th Sutra (Chapter), 8th Stanza, 8th Mondal (Part), 1st Sutra (Chapter), 31st Stanza, 8th Mondal (Part), 6th Sutra (Chapter), 39th Stanza, 46th Stanza, 47th Stanza, 48th Stanza and 8th Mondal (Part), 7th Sutra (Chapter), 29th Stanza. Few examples from Rigveda Samhita- Harap Prakshani’ 1976 are as follows (Original Sanskrit Version)

YADU BANSHA

Yadu Bansha is mentioned in “The Rigveda” 1st Mondal (Part), 36th Sutra (Chapter), 18th Stanza, 7th Mondal (Part), 19th Sutra (Chapter), 8th Stanza, 8th Mondal (Part), 1st Sutra (Chapter), 31st Stanza, 8th Mondal (Part), 6th Sutra (Chapter), 39th Stanza, 46th Stanza, 47th Stanza, 48th Stanza and 8th Mondal (Part), 7th Sutra (Chapter), 29th Stanza. Few examples from Rigveda Samhita- Harap Prakshani’ 1976 are as follows (Original Sanskrit Version)

 YADU BANSHA

1) PRATHAM MONDAL (Part)/36Th Sutra (Chapter)/18Th Stanza : Agnanina Turbasung Yadung Prabhat Ugradebang Habamahya Agani Nra Jannababasthasthang Brihadra Thang Turbiting Dashyaba Sasha

2) Part 7/Chapter 19/Stanza 9 : Priyas Itta Maghabannavisthu Naru Madhyo Sharanaya Sathayay Ni Turbushung Ni Yadung Sashihatyethidhya Sashyang Kariyan

3) Part 8/Chapter 1/Stanza 3 : Aaa Yadushanyandata Shradhyahan Ratha rurhan Uta Bamashya Basunascheketati Jho Asthi Yaddya Pasthu

4) Part 8/Chapter 16/Stanza 39, Part 8/Chapter 6/Stanza 46 Part 8/Chapter 6/Stanza 47, Part 8/Chapter 6/Stanza 48 : Sathamang Tirindera Sahasrang Parshaba Dada / Radhanshi Yadyanam Trini Satanyabarthang Sahasra dasha Gonam Dadu Sparjya Samnya Udartakkuho Dibamusthranchartujojo Dadang Shrabansha Yadavang Janam.

Later on Yadu’s descendent increased and divided into two main branches “Haihayan” and the”Yadavs”. The Yadavs Branch established a great kingdom by extending its sway over neighboring countries. They defeated the Pouravs (descendent of Puru) and drove the Druhyus into Punjab. The Haihayas established their supremacy over Ayodhya and became the dominant power. One of their kings traversed the prostrate Pourav Kingdom & conquered Kasi. The most famous king of this dynasty was Arjuna son of Kritavirya. He extended his conquests from the mouth of the Narmada as far as the Himalayas & raised the Haihaya’s power to pre-eminence during his long reign.

After the death of Sagar, the King of Ayodhya, the overthrown dynasties appeared to have gradually recovered themselves, and the Yadavs of Vidarvha seem to have extended their authority north ward over the Haihaya territory. Vidarva had a grand son ‘Chedi’ who founded the dynasty of Chaidya Kings in Chedi, the country lying along the south bank of the Yamuna. The Yadavs stepped up to the power. For a long time their territory was divided into a number of small kingdoms but the famous King Madhu assembled them & his territory was alleged to have extended from Gujarat to the Yamuna. His descendents were the ‘Madhus’ or ‘Madhavas’. But the large kingdom was again divided among ‘Satvata’s’ four sons of whom ‘Andhaka’and ‘Vrishni’ became the founders of ruling dynasty. Andhaka reigned at Mathura, the chief Yadav Capital & Vrishni reigned probably in Gujarat.

 

Descendants of Maharaja YADU to LORD KRISHNA

The list of Kings in the “YADU Dynasty” from King “YADU” to “Lord Krishna” is impossible to arrange them in order of merit and also chronologically but tried to compose this by utilizing the religious & mythological helps.

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Famous Sub-Dynasties that grew from the Great YADU Dynasty

Some powerful king & their followers started their own sub-dynasties/ sub-groups/sub-clans for their individual identity under the “Yadu” dynasty. Those famous sub-dynasties/sub-groups/sub-clans are as follows:

1) Krostha, 2) Bhuginiyan, 3) Showahi, 4) Rushaku, 5) Chitrarath, 6) Nanabindu, 7) Mahabhoj, 8) Nibhiriti, 9) Dasahi, 10) Jimuth, 11) Vikhuti, 12) Vimarath, 13) Nayarath, 14) Dasharath, 15) Shakuni, 16) Karambhi, 17) Debrath, 18) Debkhetra, 19) Madhu, 20) Kuruvarsha, 21) Anu, 22) Puruhotra, 23) Ayu, 24) Sathayat, 25) Brinchi, 26) Anamitra, 27) Chitrarath, 28) Sur, 29) Bhojmana, 30) Shini, 31) Swamboj, 32) Hridika, 33) Debmidh, 34) Khutroma, 35) Dudumbhi, 36) Abidyota, 37) Punarbasu, 38) Arbud, 39) Mathura, 40) Andhak, 41) Ahuk, 42) Pallav, 43) Ballav, 44) Krishnabanshi, 45) Nandabanshi.

 

Krishnabanshi (Offsprings of Krishna)

Many “Kings” & “Emperors” born in the “Yadu” Dynasty but Lord Krishna was the superior & the ruler of Yadavs. His descendents are popularly known as Krishnabanshi. In “Hari-Banshan”, Vishnu Parba, 11th Part, 11th sloke (paragraph) KRISHNA told to the Gopas of Gokul “I am not so powerful as you thought. I am your friend and belong to the same caste.” Original Sanskrit version is “Manyanta Mang Jatha Sarbbo Bhabanto Vim Bhikramang Tathahang Nabo Manatabya Swajatiyoshmi Bandhabo.”

 

LORD SRI KRISHNA

Lord Sri Krishna was born in the Yadu Bansha of Mathura in the last quarter of fourteenth century B.C. as a son of Basudev & Debaki. He brought up at Brindaban with his elder brother Balaram in the residence of his foster parents NandaH & Jasoda. According to the Puran they completed their education war-training under the guidance of Maharsi Sandipani of Kashi at his Ujjain Ashram and according to the Chandogya Upanishad they had their general education under Ghor Rishi of Angarash Bansha. His courage and super-human heroism in his adult hood days impressed the Yadavas. He killed his maternal uncle Kansha, King of Mathura & re-instated Kanshas father Ugrasen in the thrown of Mathura (Kansha was the terror ruler of Mathura, he tortured the Yadavas of Mathura & Brindaban. He arrested his father & captured the thrown). After the death of Kansha, his father-in-law the emperor Jarasandha was one of the most powerful at that time, attacked Mathura but the dynamic leadership of Sri Krishna, Yadav warriors drove them away. The muslim king Kalajaban attacked Mathura. Sri Krishna killed him in the war & Kalajabans forces left out of the battle field. With the advice of Sri Krishna the Yadavs of Mathura & Brindaban decided to leave Mathura & Brindaban . They built their kingdom at Dwarka which was protected by the Raibatak Hills. All the Yadavs of Mathura & Brindaban migrated themselves at Dwarka with their family members including Ugrasen the chief of the Yadavs. From Dwarka SriKrishna went to Himalaya where he spent 10 years for meditation (tapashya). In his life time he killed many demons for the peace & happiness of the society. Once King Poundra of Kashi challenged him for his genuineness, then he killed King Poundra. All the kings of Baranashi were furious in this incident & they declared a war against Sri Krishna but all of them were defeated and their kingdom were destroyed by SriKrishna .He was the kingpin of “Mahabharata war” which occurred in and around 1412 B.C. (see page 760 chronological table, Ancent India, VD Mahajan). The war period is calculated according to the Vaishnava Puran, Matsva Puran & Vayavya Puran. His advices to Arjun in the battle field of Kurukhetra was placed in the “Gita” which is the holly book of the Hindus. Mahabharata war ended with the victory of the Pandavas and the slaughter of nearly all the kings & princes who took part in it. Yudhisthir became the king & raigned in Hastinapur. The great statesman Lord SriKrishna had conceived the bold idea of uniting all the warring states of India into an empire & it was thus realized in practice. Lord Krishna was chosen to lead as a head of the empire. A few years later a rift grew among the leaders. Lord Krishna became disappointed but tried to remove the dissension to keep the empire stable. But after 36 yaers of Mahabharata war Lord Krishna left Dwarka to go to Prabhas Pathan Tirtha where he rebuilt Somnath temple with sandlewood. He expired there at Valka Garden following a foot injury from an arrow of a hunter that was approx 1376 B.C. He was cremated at the Maha Tribani Sangam Burning Ghat at Prabhas Phathan (which is popularly known as Somnath Tirtha) in presence of his sons, elder brother Balaram and Arjun. His great grand son Bajranava build Ranachorjee temple at Dwarka where he was first worshipped as God.

 

Famous Yadav Kingdom during Mahabharat Age

After the death of Lord Krishna the entire kingdom brokedown into fragments of small states again. The famous Yadav kingdoms of that period are as follows :

1) Gandhar, 2) Sindhu (Darad Rajya), 3) Sindhu, 4) Madra, 5) Kaikaya Kuru, 6) Panchal, 7) Kanouj, 8) Salwya, 9) Sursen, 10) Chedi, 11) Mathsya, 12) Kashi, 13) Magad, 14) Anga, 15) Sukhya, 16) Bhojas, 17) Abanti, 18) Kalinga, 19) Abhir, 20) Vidarbha, 21) Anarth.

Here ends the reconstruction of the history of Yadavs Pre-historic age on the basis of Mythologythough world famous historian Alberuni wrote “The Hindus do not pay much attention to the historical order of things; they are very careless in relating the chronological succession of things and when they are pressed for information and are at a loss not knowing what to say, they invariably take to tale-telling”.

 

 

Foot Notes: H Lordkrishna’s father Bosudev & foster father Nanda were cousin brothers

(1) “Bosudev Upashruta Vratarang Nandamagatam Gwatya Dattakarang Raggya Jajotadan Mochanam – (Sloke 20, Adhay 4, Shandha 10 – Srimadbhagbat)

(2) (Nanda Gope Grihea Jata Jasoda Garvo Sambhaba Tatostho Nadhoyee Shyamee Bindhachal Nirbashini – (Sri Sri Chandi, 42 Sloke, 11 Adhay)

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1) Rikveda Samhita-translated in Bengali by Ramesh Ch Dutta edited by Dr. Hiranmoy Bandapadhyay published by Haraf Prakashani, Kolkata-7.

2) The Mahabharat (Bengali)-Kashiram Das & KaliPrasanna Singha. 3) The Bhagwat Gita- published by Gita Press, Gorakhpur, UP.

4) Krishna Charitra – Rishi Bankimchandra Chattapadhyay (Published 1886).

5) Ancient India & History of Medieval India- by V.D. Mahajan.

6) The Divine Heritage of the Yadavas- in English by V.K Khedkar (Yadav), revised by Dr. R. V. Khedkar (Yadav) published by Prof Parmanand Yadav,

36 Chatham Lines, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh (1st Publication 1901).

For any Information & Queries please contact.

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Dr. Swapankumar Ghosh

Mob: +91-8017050366.

Emails: bangiyayadavmahasabha@gmail.com

swapanima@yahoo.co.in

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Source: http://yadavsofindia.4t.com/Hindu_Mythology.html

“YADAVS” are the descendents of the Royal born Khatriya clan of “YADU”. We came to know the name of King Yadu, first in The Rigveda. The name of five Kings YADU, TURVASU, DRUHYU, ANU & PURU are clearly mentioned in the battle of the ten Kings Chapter.. All these are mentioned in the The Rigveda 1st Mondal (Part) 47th Sutra (Chapter) 6th Stanza, 3rd Mondal (Part) 33rd Sutra (Chapter) 1st Stanza, 7th Mondal (Part) 18th Sutra (Chapter) 23rd Stanza, 33rd Sutra (Chapter) 3rd Stanza & 83rd Sutra (Chapter) 7th Stanza. According to Puranas Ila, the daughter of Manu, had a…

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